Have you ever wondered how the Ogden-Hinckley Airport and Hinckley Drive got their name? Plenty of locals assume they are tied to Gordon B. Hinckley, but they are named for a first cousin, Robert H. Hinckley. This article shares the fascinating history of a man who rose to national prominence in ways that will make you think, “Why have I never heard this story before?” He was one of these people who lived multiple lifetimes in one, reinventing himself and rising to national prominence in everything he did.
Robert H. Hinckley’s professional accomplishments include:
- Public office: Serving as Mayor of Mt. Pleasant, Utah, and as a state Legislator
- Hinckley Dodge: Starting the Hinckley Dodge dealership
- Co-founding Utah Pacific Airways, which became the largest Fixed Base Operator in the Western Region
- The New Deal: Working as part of FDR’s New Deal to oversee western work projects
- Civil Aeronautics Authority: Heading up the Civil Aeronautics Authority, the precursor to the FAA
- National Airport: Overseeing construction of the National Airport in Washington, DC
- Civilian Pilot Training Program: Having the foresight to start the Civilian Pilot Training Program which filled the pipeline of trained pilots before Pearl Harbor was bombed
- Contract Settlement: Heading up the office contract settlement in Washington, DC, that wrapped up the civilian contracts after World War II
- ABC News: Co-founding the ABC News Network in New York City and helping to build it into a powerhouse
- Hinckley Institute of Politics: Founding the Hinckley Institute of Politics
Planes, wagon trains and automobiles
This is a three-generation story that comes full circle with grandson Robert. It begins in the days of wagon trains and way stations when Utah was still a frontier, moves to automobiles and reaches a pinnacle with air travel.
Ira was orphaned, driven from Nauvoo then buried his wife and child
Our story starts with Ira Nathaniel Hinckley, grandfather to Robert H. Hinckley. Ira was orphaned by the time he was a teenager living in Nauvoo, Illinois. He had only a few weeks of formal education, but he had the opportunity to train as a blacksmith, an important trade in a time when every town needed a blacksmith to survive.
Ira married and became a father about the time the Mormons were being driven from Nauvoo. On the migration west, both his wife and young child got sick and died along the lonely Mormon trail. He had already buried more than his fair share of family members and now he was on his own again. He could have become hard, but for the rest of his life, people commented on his gentle nature and loving heart. In the Salt Lake valley, he was sent by Brigham Young to settle the town of Coalville, and he married again. He married Adelaide Nobel, her sister Angeline, and others, during a time when the Mormons were still practicing polygamy. Adelaide was Robert H. Hinckley’s grandmother.
Ira was described as a man who kept beautiful horses and took the best care of them. He worked harder than other men, spoke few words, always wore a white shirt, and never entered the home in a dirty shoe. When children were sick, he comforted them, and contemporaries spoke of his spotless integrity. One daughter described him as “polite as a basket of chips” and one son said he was a “born psychologist.”
Protecting Telegraph lines during the Civil War
While living in Coalville, Ira was called out to Wyoming for a stint building forts and way stations for the Brigham Young Express and Carrying Company (known as the Y.X. Company). It was a short-lived competitor to the freight contractors Russell, Majors and Waddell who operated the Pony Express.
Later, Ira answered another call during the Civil War when President Abraham Lincoln asked Brigham Young to send about 130 men to protect the U.S. Telegraph lines from raiders. Ira was the company farrier and blacksmith, and in this role he honed his skills of fixing wagons, caring for horses, and learned all about telegraph operations. He served under Captain Lot Smith who had famously harassed Johnston’s Army in 1857 during the so-called Utah War. This made Ira Hinckley was one of the very few Utah Civil War veterans.
Ira Hinckley called by Brigham Young to build Cove Fort
Later, Brigham Young needed someone to build a way station to be called Cove Fort, and he identified Ira Nathaniel Hinckley as having all the needed skills. Ira received a letter and was given just days to leave. In characteristic brevity, Ira responded, “I will be there on the appointed date.” He was advised to leave his family in the safety of Coalville until the fort could be built, and they joined him in a few months. At Cove Fort, his wife Adelaide became “good mother of the road,” because everyone needed rest and help along the trail. She served thousands of meals a year and boarded weary travelers each night. The fort repaired wagons, housed a telegraph office and U.S. mail station, and operated an expansive ranch. Ira’s horses were stunningly beautiful.
The fort’s climate was always windy and hot in the summer and frigid in winter, but was still a critical junction along travel routes. The Hinckley family offered particularly good meals and competent repairs. Ira gave wise counsel to his family and often reminisced that going to Cove Fort was a hardship at first, but ultimately shaped their lives for the better. His advice was, “Always go when you are called.”
Education was valued in the Hinckley family
While Ira lacked an education himself, he sacrificed to send his children to college. His children included Bryant (father to Gordon B. Hinckley) and Edwin (father to Robert) who both went to Brigham Young Academy. Edwin S. Hinckley (who went by Ed) became a beloved professor there, and ultimately held the position of “counselor” to President George H. Brimhall. Remember that Brimhall name—it comes up again in the next generation.
Ed was influential in the lives of many students and was the type of professor who students write letters to years later, saying that he made the difference at critical moments in their lives. That legacy has continued with the Edwin S. Hinckley scholarship. Today it has helped educate over 1,000 students at Brigham Young University.
Later, Ed and Addie Hinckley answered their own call, in the same spirit that Ira showed when he left behind a lovely farm in Coalville for a much more difficult assignment. Ed was asked to become superintendent at the State Industrial School, an institution for troubled youth, housed in Ogden. (Local history note: that institution was located on the beautiful land where the Ogden-Weber Technical College is today.) Ed and Addie hated to leave BYU and Provo, but they felt compelled to serve youth who needed a leg-up. Ed expressed his sadness in leaving when he turned in his keys at BYU with this note:
Like his father before him, Ed sacrificed his own heart’s desire to build the greater good.
In Ogden, Ed and Addie ran the school together in kindness, abolishing corporal punishment and personally tending the sick during the flu epidemic of 1918. They did not lose a single student in this dormitory setting, which is the type of environment where the flu could run rampant. This was a remarkable testament to their loving care. It was said that Ed nearly lost his own life with exhaustion for doing that.
He was a beloved administrator and friends commented on his remarkable abilities. One said, “Ed was courageous enough to be natural.”
Ed and Addie set a beautiful example of partnership and love. Robert revered his father and had a special tenderness for his mother. He wrote, “You can’t talk about Ed Hinckley without talking about Addie, our mother. Mother had all of Father’s fine qualities and in addition, a little more patience and perhaps more poise.”
Robert H. Hinckley – The Eldest Child
Now we move to the third generation in our story. Robert H. Hinckley was born in 1891 as the eldest child of Ed and Addie in Fillmore, Utah. He spent his earliest years in Ann Arbor, Michigan, where his father was getting an advanced degree. Ed and Addie had 13 children in all. Although Ed held positions of respect in the community, he was never well compensated, and with so many children, they always felt a pinch. Robert carried the weight and responsibility of being an eldest child in a large family.
While attending Brigham Young Academy, Robert met a smart girl from Mt. Pleasant, Utah, named Abrelia Clarissa Seely. She wrote him on his mission.
Robert served an LDS Mission in Germany and one of his missionary buddies was Dean Brimhall (remember BYU President Brimhall? This is his son. Dean will keep coming up in Robert’s life). While there, Robert became fascinated with aviation and he had the opportunity to take his first flight with the famous German Aviator, Melli Beese. Robert never forgot the thrill, and never fell out of love with planes. This was during the time that Orville Wright make the first power-plane flight in 1908. Robert and Orville later became colleagues and contemporaries (see photo below).
Robert returned from his mission during the time his parents were in Ogden, and Robert went back to college and married Abrelia. The two established their first home in central Utah near her family in Mt. Pleasant. This is where Robert opened his first Dodge dealership, partnering with members of Clarissa’s family.
In Mt. Pleasant, Robert answered his first call to public service as a Utah State Legislator and then was elected Mayor of the town, its youngest ever. During his lifetime, he remained devoted to the political process, calling it a sacred trust, and believing it was an honorable way to serve one’s country.
No matter where Robert and Clarissa would go in life, the pair never lost their love for rural Utah. Clarissa’s family were successful sheep breeders in Mt. Pleasant and although she was a marvelous hostess and social asset to Robert’s career, she always thought of herself as a small-town girl.
Hinckley Dodge in Ogden
By 1927, Robert and Clarissa moved to Ogden for better economic opportunities. They opened a Dodge dealership and moved to Jefferson Avenue, right next door to the David Eccles home (now the Eccles Community Art Center). That is relevant because Robert’s good friend Dean Brimhall married Lila Eccles, daughter of the banker David Eccles. Dean and Robert became part of the movers and shakers who met at the old Weber Club to socialize and talk business. The two had a shared love of aviation, and when Dean got into the aviation business, it was natural for him to ask his old missionary buddy, Robert, to help him get it off the ground.
Co-founding Utah Pacific Airways
So, in the same year Robert and Clarissa moved to Ogden, Dean Brimhall and Robert also co-founded Utah Pacific Airways.
In the years before Robert and Dean sold it, Utah Pacific Airways became the largest fixed base operator (FBO) in the Rocky Mountain region, acting as an airplane dealer, charter, and school. They maintained a perfect safety record without the death of a single pilot, student, or passenger.
Ardeth “Art” Mortensen was another friend of Robert and Dean. Art was a flight instructor who later purchased Utah Pacific Airways from them. He also ran the Ogden-Hinckley Airport and launched the Civilian Pilot Training Program and the Civil Air Patrol in Ogden. In his oral history, he painted a colorful firsthand picture of those years. When asked if he ever had any close calls flying, he said, “In the early days they were all close calls. Every flight was.”
Art spoke fondly about Robert H. Hinckley, noting that the airport was named after Robert not because he funded it (Robert did not), but because of all that he did for the community with his exceptional managerial abilities:
WPA Programs for FDR’s New Deal
When the Great Depression hit, Robert was moved to action, helping to distribute relief in Utah. His efforts got noticed at the national level, and before long he was working for Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of The New Deal. He oversaw WPA programs in the Western Region and toured with the President. Descendants of Robert H. Hinckley today have wonderful home movies of FDR’s inaugural address, and some footage showing Robert in Yellowstone when FDR toured western WPA and CCC project sites. Robert’s forte became putting men to work building airports under the program.
Head of the Civil Aeronautics Authority
Then, in 1938, Robert H. Hinckley was called to Washington to serve as head of the Civil Aeronautics Authority, a precursor to today’s FAA. Hence, his practical aviation experience and managerial abilities had earned him a seat at the national table. Robert said, “I have completed in my life the cycle of transportation: horse to airplane. Now back to bicycle, and wishing for a horse.”
Robert and Clarissa were very social people, and their papers now archived at the University of Utah are a treasure of invitations and from this era, train trips with FDR and letters with friends back home. That is not to say that it was all just fun and games. The couple decided to keep their family rooted in Ogden, so most of the time when Robert was working in Washington, DC, he was traveling back and forth to see his family. Clarissa flew to Washington whenever she could.
In any social setting, Clarissa was quick-witted, warm and fun to be around. She had the same natural personality around heads of state as around hometown sheepherders. Everyone seemed to like her. Robert and Clarissa had a wonderful marriage and their private letters show how much they missed each other when Robert had to travel without her.
This is another way the Hinckley generations were alike: they all chose strong, capable women who acted as full partners.
Bringing people together
Another hallmark of the Hinckley family was bringing people together. Wherever Robert went, he inspired competent people with his vision. Together as friends, they got the work done.
As mentioned earlier, Robert retained his loyalty to Utah and used every opportunity to advocate from Washington. Even while leading a national agency, he called home for boots-on-the-ground input and wrote letters back and forth about Utah business and politics. His correspondence paints an active portrait of local engagement during every phase of his career. He kept friends for life, and kept in touch by phone and letter.
In one fun example of hometown pride, each year for Thanksgiving, Robert and Clarissa would order crates of Utah Celery for friends in Washington. He loved the stuff, and this was his way of giving a unique gift that would be enjoyed while promoting his home state.
Building the Washington National Airport
As head of the Civil Aeronautics Authority, Robert had a big assignment from the get-go: overseeing construction of the Washington National Airport in D.C. That is now called Ronald Reagan National Airport. This project was completed on time and under budget, earning an attaboy from the President.
In this task, one cannot help but think about the evolution in the Hinckley family from a way station along the trail, to the national airport. What is an airport if not a modern version of his grandfather’s business? Instead of a way station for weary travelers who crossed the country in months, the National Airport now served travelers who crossed the world in hours. Same need, different eras.
Robert had been born into a time of horse and buggy, started an automobile dealership, then a plane company, and now the national airport.
Air Conditioning America
As important as the National Airport was, Robert showed great foresight to implement a program with profound consequences. Robert had brought his friend Dean Brimhall to Washington as his Assistant, and the two promoted an aviation mindset in our country. Robert began a campaign he called “air conditioning of youth,” with the goal of helping Americans become as accustomed to the air as humans are to the sea.
In this spirit, he started programs to spark the natural curiosity of youth about flying. In his speech at the Ogden Hinckley Airport’s opening, Robert said:
“Two strange elements to man, water and air, perhaps cannot be conquered as the earth has been, but we can become at home in them. The South Sea islanders have demonstrated the ability of man to be at home in the water. They do this by getting them young and throwing them in…This is the only way what we can become a nation of fliers. But a nation of flyers we must become…It is a case of fly or die.”
He believed commercial aviation would take off and pilots would be needed. Robert could not have been more right.
On a graver note, a storm was brewing overseas and Robert saw the signs. While FDR’s administration hoped to stay out of the war, the President said this on May 26, 1940, about 18 months before the Pearl Harbor attack,
“There are many among us who in the past closed their eyes to events abroad–because they believed in utter good faith what some of their fellow Americans told them…that what was taking place in Europe was none of our business, that no matter what happened over there, the United States could always pursue its peaceful and unique course in the world. There are many among us who close their eyes, from lack of interest or lack of knowledge, honestly and sincerely thinking that the many hundreds of miles of salt water made the American hemisphere so remote that the people of North and Central and South America could go on living in the midst of their vast resources without reference to, or danger from other continents of the world. … to those who have closed their eyes for any of these many reasons, to those who would not admit the possibility of the approaching storm…I do not share those illusions. Yes, we have spent large sums of money on the national defenses. This money has been used to make our Army and Navy today the largest, the best equipped and the best trained at military establishment in the whole history of this country.”
The Civilian Pilot Training Program
Robert, Dean Brimhall, and others acted swiftly to establish a Civilian Pilot Training program which operated mostly through colleges across the country, although there were also some non-college programs. Ogden had one of these. Several Civilian Pilot Training Programs were approved in Utah, including at Weber College, a non-college program at the Ogden airport, and another in Provo.
Planning happened in 1938 and it was launched by Congress in 1939. To create a robust program, Dean and Robert spent a small fortune on long distance telephone charges, calling Art Mortensen in Ogden and other friends still in the field. Their practical input made all the difference. Weber College had one of the first programs, and there was also a non-college program at the original Ogden Airport (located where Ogden Regional Hospital is now).
From 1939 until the U.S. entered the War (the Pearl Harbor attack was December 7, 1941), the number of trained pilots in this country jumped from about 25,000 to over 100,000, filling the pipeline just in time. Without this foresight, Allied forces would have faced a critical shortage. Not all of the pilots trained entered military service, but many did and the importance of air power during World War II cannot be overstated.
The program was designed to train both male and female students, and to admit a diverse group of students. Among trainees were the famed Tuskegee Airmen.
Eleanor Roosevelt commented on this in letters to Robert H. Hinckley saying:
“I think it is fine that…courses are being conducted for negro men… (and) I am pleased to learn of the part which women are now playing in wartime aviation and to know of the splendid success which the pilot training program has experienced in uniting diverse races and groups in a common cause.”
A hometown boy flies for good
Before the United States entered the war, a young man from Garland, Utah, by the name of Gail Halvorsen had been “air conditioned” with a fascination for airplanes since boyhood.
In a 2018 oral history interview, he said that he heard about the pilot training program and although he was “too poor” for college, he received a scholarship for the non-college program offered in Ogden.
His childhood buddy also wanted to enroll, but did not get in. So, Halvorsen would come home and teach his friend what he had learned each day. Ultimately, his friend also became a pilot and both men served in Germany. (Oral history interview with Gail Halvorsen, September, 2018 at Mr. Halvorson’s assisted living home.)
While in Germany, Robert Hinckley signed Halvorsen’s pilot license. This sparked a mutual admiration and warm acquaintance that endured through the years.
Later, Halvorsen’s friend was killed in action. In reflecting back, Halvorsen realized he could have become bitter and hateful, but instead he was touched by the people he met and the dire situation of children who had nothing. As the story goes, he gave two sticks of gum to German children who broke it into small pieces and divided it among themselves. Those who got none sniffed the wrapper. The next day he began dropping candy rations using handkerchief parachutes for the children. The effort grew until he became known as the Candy Bomber, lifting morale and showing the people of Germany that the people of America cared. In total, it is estimated that Operation “Little Vittles,” as it was called, dropped over 23 tons of candy from over 250,000 parachutes.
“The small things you do turn into great things”
The War Hits Home
The war effort was personal for Robert Hinckley and Dean Brimhall when their own sons went overseas. Ultimately, all three of Robert’s sons were war veterans (two of World War II, and one of the Korean War). Dean Brimhall’s son never came home, killed in action in France.
After the U.S. entered the war, the Civilian Pilot Training Program got rolled into military operations. Back in Ogden, Art Mortensen described training Navy V5 Cadets, 500 in all. He said,
“They graduated as fighter pilots. Then we sent them over to carry the ball in the Orient and killed a lot of them. They were the finest fellows I ever worked with….We lost a lot of them. I got to know them real well. I was kind of like a father to them. I bawled a little bit when I heard, ‘So-and-so’s dead, and so-and-so’s dead.'”
The Ogden-Hinckley Airport
In 1943, while Robert was in Washington, he helped move plans along to open an expanded airport in Ogden, situated in a better location. It was originally located where Ogden Regional Hospital is now. The new location was bigger, and was also located farther away from the mountains, which decreased the amount of snow on the runway.
(Source: letter between Robert H. Hinckley and Glassman, in the Hinckley papers at the University of Utah)
He attended the grand opening celebration with thousands of locals who turned out for the event. The newspaper was filled that day with congratulations from national companies and organizations, and heady hopes for economic development.
The Provo Airport
Meanwhile in Provo, the Hinckley family owned land inherited from their parents Ed and Addie. Various family members now held this land, including “Uncle Marion,” who had a farm there. The land was in the west part of the county, flat and perfect for, what else? An airport. So, the story goes that Robert approached his brother about the the land for the Civilian Pilot Training Program. It was then sold to Provo City and became the new Provo Airport.
Director of Contract Settlement
After the War, Robert intended to go back into private industry, but after a short stint was recruited back to Washington as Director of Contract settlement. He oversaw winding up all the private contracts throughout the country. Can you imagine what a big job that must have been after the mammoth war effort? Settling all the open loops enabled the country to transition back into a peacetime economy.
Co-founding ABC News Network
Ok, and now it gets really incredible, in the best possible way. After all these careers, beginning with Dodge dealerships, serving in public office, co-founding an aviation company, working for the New Deal, building the National Airport, the Civilian Pilot Training Program, and then overseeing contract settlement, Robert started a fresh career. He helped co-found the ABC news network in New York City. Over the next 20 years, he helped build it into the powerhouse it is today. One friend remarked that, “He did quiet, but effective work in supporting freedom of the press.” (The Salt Lake Tribune, April 14, 1977)
The Hinckley Institute of Politics
After all this, Robert recognized the need to demonstrate that politics was honorable, decent and necessary, and to encourage young people to get involved in the political process. So in 1965, he founded the Hinckley Institute of Politics at the University of Utah. Its purpose is to promote respect for politics and to encourage citizen involvement. Robert’s stated dream was, “Every student a politician.”
Today, more than 4,500 students have participated in programs Robert made possible through the Hinckley Institute of Politics. Many of these students have gone on to serve as legislators, members of Congress, government staffers, local officials, and judges. Reflecting on all of his accomplishments, Robert H. Hinckley said, “The Hinckley Institute is one of the most important things I will have ever done.” (Source: Excerpts taken from the Hinckley Institute website).
The Brotherhood Citation Award
In 1977 at he age of 85, Robert received the Brotherhood Citation Award of the Utah Chapter of the National Conference of Christians and Jews (NCCJ), delivered by Ronald Reagan who was not yet President. The citation was presented in front of a crowd of 1,000 to honor an individual who “has unselfishly furthered the cause of brotherhood and understanding among all races, creeds and national origins.”
That evening, Robert said, “I come from people who would not accept adversity . . . We have all sought to participate in overcoming injustice, and I urge you continue with me.” (The Salt Lake Tribune, April 14, 1977).
Gordon B. Hinckley about Robert H. Hinckley
At Robert’s funeral, cousin Gordon B. Hinckley said:
“Robert H. numbered Utah among his loves. He was perfectly at home in the nation’s capitol. He moved with ease in New York City…but it is interesting to note that he was born in Fillmore, that he married a girl from Mt. Pleasant and began his family life there, and that he died in Eden – all three of them small Utah towns…
“He knew that freedom came dearly. It has been bought and preserved with blood. He reverenced the Constitution of this nation. He loved the flag beneath which we live. That flag flew above his home at the Garden of Eden…At sunset he gave a signal for quiet…they lowered the flag, carefully folded it in the best military tradition and solemnly returned it to its specially prepared locker awaiting the sunrise of a new day. I have been to many homes in many places but I have never seen anything like it. It was a singular and moving experience, perhaps a small thing, but it spoke volumes concerning the patriotism of the man and the family, and the traditions they had established and observed.”
Rhonda Lauritzen is the founder and an author at Evalogue.Life – Tell Your Story. Rhonda lives to hear and write about people’s lives, especially the uncanny moments. She especially enjoys unplugging in nature. Check out her latest books: How to Storyboard, and Remember When, the inspiring Norma and Jim Kier story.
Much of the background for this story was obtained from conversations with descendants and review of family papers. The photos were obtained from a combination of public sources online, the Hinckley Institute of Politics (many of which were in glass and photographed in person, with permission), and the Robert H. Hinckley papers at the University of Utah.
Charles Redd Center for Western Studies, Brigham Young University. Western Aviation Oral History Project, Ardeth R. Mortensen, interviewed by Paul C. Richards on January 15, 1993 CRC-W6, Copyright 1993 Charles Redd Center for Western Studies. Quotes are from pages 5 and 12.
Funeral services for Robert H. Hinckley, May 4, 1988, by President Gordon B. Hinckley, p. 708. Obtained from the Hinckley family.
Standard Examiner – October 4, 1943, front page. Obtained from the Robert H. Hinckley papers, Ms 102, Box 57. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.
Air conditioning America’s Youth – Obtained from the Robert H. Hinckley papers, Ms 102. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.
Robert H. Hinckley papers, Ms 102, Boxes 34, . Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.